In early November, tensions erupted between the federal government of Ethiopia and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, the political party that controls the country’s northern Tigray Region. 

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed accused the TPLF of attacking a military base with plans of starting a rebellion, while the TPLF leadership has accused Abiy of targeting and marginalizing Tigrayans, who once held most of the country’s top political and military positions until he came into power. Three weeks after the conflict began, there is much uncertainty about the situation.

Here are five things to know about where the situation now stands.