Affirmative action policies for higher education are currently under threat. The Supreme Court has agreed to hear two cases concerning using race in college admissions. The lawsuits, filed by a group called Students for Fair Admissions against Harvard University and the University of North Carolina, argue that the admissions policies of both schools discriminate against Asian American applicants in favor of Black and other underrepresented minorities. These suits are part of a long campaign against affirmative action, and the conservative-leaning Supreme Court seems inclined to scale back or eliminate such policies. While the issues being debated are complex, it is important to understand what affirmative action does and does not mean. Here are five facts about affirmative action in college admissions and the effort to eliminate the policy.