Florida has a long history of racism. The very first enslaved Africans to arrive in the United States reached Florida in 1528, almost a century before slavery was introduced to Virginia by the English in 1619. During the first half of the 20th century, Florida experienced the highest number of lynchings per capita of any state in the nation. This racial terror included the 1923 Rosewood Massacre, in which an angry white mob destroyed an entire Black town and likely killed dozens of its residents. More recently, the 2012 killing of Trayvon Martin in Sanford, Florida, sparked the Black Lives Matter movement.