An odd research project is making waves on social media after a group of plastic surgeons decided Beyoncé and nine white women had faces close to being "perfect."
Dr. Julian De Silva, who runs the Centre For Advanced Facial Cosmetic And Plastic Surgery in London, used computerized facial mapping techniques to determine who had the perfect face according to The Golden Ratio of Beauty Phi.
The Daily Mail said The Golden Ratio of Beauty Phi dates back to an equation known as the Golden Ratio that European Renaissance artists used as they created their art.
De Silva and researchers on his team took the formula and adapted it to describe what they say is the "perfect" face.
"The length and the width of someone's face is measured and then the results are divided. According to the Golden Ratio, the ideal result is roughly 1.6. Measurements are then taken from the forehead hairline to the spot between the eyes, from the spot between the eyes and the bottom of the nose and from the bottom of the nose to the bottom of the chin," Daily Mail reporter Deepika Rajani wrote on Wednesday.
"A person is considered to be more beautiful if the numbers are equal. Attention is then given to the symmetry and proportion of the face. To be deemed 'beautiful' according to the Golden Ratio, the length of the ear must be equal to the length of the nose and the width of an eye should be equal to the distance between the eyes," she added.
Rajani went on to explain how Da Vinci used the same formula to create "the perfect man" for his famous Vitruvian Man drawing. The main idea was for faces and bodies, the closer they were to a ratio of the number 1.618, the more beautiful they were considered to some.
According to the formula, Bella Hadid is the world's most beautiful woman, scoring 94.35% accuracy to perfection. Beyoncé was not far behind with a score of 92.44%.
The rest of the list was dominated entirely by white stars, including Ariana Grande, Taylor Swift, Kate Moss, Scarlett Johansson, Natalie Portman and Katy Perry.
In an interview with the Daily Mail, De Silva said Hadid received perfect scores for her chin and "the position of her eyes."
"Beyoncé ran her a close second, scoring the highest marks for the shape of her face (99.6%) and getting very high scores for her eyes, brow area and lips," he told The Daily Mail.
"These brand new computer mapping techniques allow us to solve some of the mysteries of what it is that makes someone physically beautiful and the technology is useful when planning patients' surgery," he said.
In his description of each woman, De Silva spoke about the flaws on Beyoncé's face.
"Beyoncé looks incredible as she approaches her 40s. She had a new perfect score for her face shape, but was marked down for her eyebrows and chin," he added.