As the world continues to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic, alarms have started to be raised concerning another deadly disease — cases of monkeypox have been identified in several countries in Europe and North America, as well as in Australia.

From the same family as smallpox, monkeypox is endemic to Central and West Africa, but alarm is being raised as it spreads to countries where the populations have little exposure and thus no built-up immunity to the disease.