From the first Black woman secretary of state to the first Black openly trans woman elected to office, Black women have successfully broken political barriers while simultaneously enduring bouts of racism, sexism and other criticisms. Whether their accomplishments happened at the local, state, or national level, there's no denying these women proved that — regardless of the circumstances or hurdles — they refuse to accept defeat.

Ahead, we've outlined 10 Black women who became the first to hold various political titles over the course of modern American history.